A LEVEL BIOLOGY – A1BIOMUL
Course Dates April 2019
08-11 (Monday – Thursday) – Course Full
11-14 (Thursday – Sunday)
Select available booking day then check availability.
+ Key Topics Covered
Year 1 Material
Inorganic Ions: The role of inorganic ions.
Water: its polarity, ability to form hydrogen bonds, surface tension, as solvent properties.
Carbohydrates, Lipids, Proteins: structure and function of these biological molecules.
Microscopes: resolution and magnification.
Cells: Eukaryote and Prokaryote cell structure.
DNA and RNA: Structure and replication.
Cell membrane structure and transport: Fluid mosaic model, water potential, active transport etc.
Enzymes: The induced fit theory. The effect of temperature, pH, inhibitors etc.
Practical Biology experiments, maths and drawing: Identification of independent, dependent and controlled variables. The calculation of rate, standard deviation, chi square test etc. Drawing techniques.
*students might find it useful to bring their practical work for help on revision in this area.
+ At least two topics from the following list as requested:
Cell division: Mitosis, meiosis, crossing over, independent assortment.
Gas Exchange: Surface area to volume ratio, exchange in fish, insects and mammals.
Haemoglobin: the oxygen dissociation curve and the Bohr shift.
Transpiration and Translocation: Xylem and phloem, Cohesion/tension theory, the potometer.
Circulation: closed and open, blood vessels.
Taxonomy: Five kingdoms, three divisions.
Digestion: Role of enzymes, absorption, ruminants.
Year 2 Material
Photosynthesis: The light stage, light independent stage, limiting factors on photosynthesis.
Respiration: Glycolysis, the Link reaction, Krebs cycle and Oxidative phosphorylation.
DNA: protein synthesis, mutations, introns and exons etc.
Evolution: selection, speciation, Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium.
Gene technology: Gel electrophoresis, PCR, genetic engineering.
Ecology: Ecological sampling, succession, populations.
Practical Biology experiments, maths and drawing: Identification of independent, dependent and controlled variables. The calculation of rate, standard deviation, chi square test, T Test, Spearman’s rank correlation etc. Drawing techniques.
*students would find it useful to bring their practical work for help on revision in this area.
+ At least three topics from the following list as requested:
Energy and Ecosystems: Gross and net primary productivity.
Carbon and Nitrogen Cycle:
Microorganisms: Logarithmic scales and serial dilution.
Homeostasis: Insulin, glucagon.
Heart: The structure of the heart and the cardiac cycle.
Neurones and the nervous system: Neurones, action potential, the synapse, reflex arcs.
The Kidney: The nephron, ultrafiltration, ADH.
Muscles: Actin, Myosin.
Menstrual cycle: FSH, Oestrogen, LH and Progesterone.
The Immune System: Antigens, Antibodies, the primary and secondary response.
The course will include homework to be completed each night and students will answer mock exam questions to enable feedback.
+ Course Materials
Students should bring copies of their own specifications and their main textbooks. All other materials will be provided.
+ Other Information
Students might find it useful to bring homework questions they found difficult.
Please note that the emphasis given to particular topics will be weighted to the needs and requirements of the candidates in the group.